New Zealand, Wild-caught
Orange roughy belongs to the Trachichthyidae or Roughy families and is one of the slowest growing and longest living fish. Its deep body and fins are bight reddish in color which fade to orange once caught or killed, while its cavities are a dark blue, especially noticable around its mouth and belly. It has an oversized head and its body is covered with ridges and cavities. It has small irregular scales, increasing in size towards the belly.
Orange Roughy produce a huge amount of oil under the skin which when removed with the skin has been used as a lubricant and in the cosmetic industry.
Orange roughy are found in various regions in the Western Atalantic, Eastern Pacific and Indo-Pacific Oceans. New Zealand orange roughy are often found in the colder waters near slopes, ridges, sea mounts, and other rough grounds. A popular area for catching Orange Roughy in New Zealand is along the Chatham Rise and Challenger Plateaus. These fish often stay in deep waters of 1300 – 3000 feet deep.
Trawling is the prefered method for catching this species. New Zealand’s orange roughy fishery is managed by the Quota Management System, with a sustainable harvest TACC (Total Allowable Commerical Catch) was set at 6,941,000 metric tons for the fishing year.